Sanskars or sacraments
in Hinduism


1. Garbhadhan Sanskar

2. Punsavana Sanskar 

3. Simantonnayan Sanskar

The first three sanskars are done when the child is inside the womb of mother.

Jatakarma sanskar

This sanskara is performed on the birth of the child. It is said to be performed when cutting the navel string of the new born baby from that of his mother.

5. Naamkaran sanskar
 (The naming ceremony)

this sanskar is done to decide the name of the infant.

6. Nishkraman sanskar

In this ceremony, usually in the 4th month after birth, the child is taken out of the house for the first time by the parents and is made to look at the Sun for the first time.

7. Annaprashana sanskar

This is done during the teething period of the child. After this, feeding the grains, cereal etc. is started.

8. Mundan Sanskar 

This is also known as the first haircut. It is believed to strengthen the head of the child and also increase intellectual power. 

9. Vidyaarambha Sanskar

The purpose of Vidyarambh is to introduce the child to the elementary level of education.

10. Karnavedh Sanskar

It is a sanskara about piercing the ears. Ear piercing cures diseases and increases hearing power.

11. Yagyopaveet or Upanayana Sanskar

The purpose of this sanskar is to motivate the child to be engaged in spiritual development along with a restrained life.

12. Vedarambha Sanskar

This sanskara is done for the starting the study of the Vedas for the acquisition of knowledge. 

13. Keshant Sanskar

It is first shaving of the beard of the student. After completing the study of Vedas in the Gurukul, this ceremony is performed in front of the Acharya.

14. Samavartan Sanskar

It is done to mark the re-entry of the teenager from the gurukul back to home and the society. It prepares the teenager for the further struggle of life.

15. Vivah Sanskar (Marriage)

It is one of the most important sanskaras done for marrying a person

16. Antyeshti Sanskar or Antim sanskar

It is the last sanskar done after a person’s life-journey ends on this Earth, i.e. after death.

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