Organic Chemistry: Some Basic Principles

Organic chemistry is the study of carbon-based compounds.

Carbon is unique in its ability to form long chains and rings, which are the basis of organic molecules.

Organic compounds can be found in living organisms, as well as in fossil fuels and other natural resources.

The four main types of organic compounds are carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.

Organic reactions involve the breaking and forming of chemical bonds in organic molecules.

The most common types of organic reactions are substitution, addition, elimination, and rearrangement.

Substitution reactions involve the replacement of one atom or group of atoms with another.

Addition reactions involve the addition of a new atom or group of atoms to an organic molecule.

Elimination reactions involve the removal of a molecule from an organic molecule.

Rearrangement reactions involve the rearrangement of atoms within an organic molecule.

Organic chemistry has many practical applications, including the development of new drugs, materials, and fuels.

Organic chemistry also plays a key role in the study of biochemistry and molecular biology.

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